Climate Responsive Architecture

Climate Responsive Architecture

Deepthi Deepu

  1. 1. ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCE SEMINAR
  2. 2. I DESIGNSSUES.
  3. 3. RESPONSIVEResponsive The exteriorarchitecture might be attentive to- responding the wind, sunlight, rain, temperatureto climate, etc (macro); using nature Although the inside could interactas an digitally using the users (micro); example
  4. 4. CLIMATE…??? Climate encompasses the data of• Temperature• moisture• atmospheric stress• wind• precipitation• atmospheric particle count along with other meteorological measurements that are elemental an offered area over very long periods.
  5. 5. MEANING SIMPLY SPEAKING! • Climate (from ancient greek language klima, meaning inclination) is usually understood to be the elements averaged over a lengthy period. • The conventional averaging duration is three decades
  6. 6. WEATHER AND WEATHER• The distinction between climate and weather is really a measure of the time. • Climate is really what conditions associated with environment are over a little while of the time|period that is short of, and climate is the way the environment “behaves” over reasonably long expanses of time.
  7. 7. WEATHER & COMFORT• The weather of a place is afflicted with its latitude, surface and altitude, in addition to nearby vegetation, water systems and their currents. • Environment affects the interior environment and individual thermal convenience.
  8. 8. THERMAL COMFORT.? O Comfort is understood to be the feeling of complete physical and psychological well being. O Thermal neutrality, where a individual desires neither a warmer nor a cooler environment, is really a necessary condition for thermal convenience. N The facets impacting convenience are divided in to individual factors: ? activity ? Clothingn and ecological factors, ? atmosphere temperature, ? mean radiant temperature ? air velocity ? atmosphere moisture
  9. 9. The average air temperature through the flooring at a height of 1.1 m. N suggest Radiant Temperature the typical heat regarding the surrounding areas, which include the end result for the event solar radiation. N THERMAL COMFORT– ECOLOGICAL VARIABLESn Temperature Air Velocity Which impacts convective heat loss through the human body, in other words. Atmosphere at a better velocity will seem cooler. N Air Humidity Which impacts the heat that is latent and it has a really crucial effect in hot and humid surroundings
  10. 10. COMPONENTS OF CLIMATEO The most critical elements of weather and climate parameters that affect human comfort and are usually highly relevant to building design are: • Solar Radiation• Long wave Radiation• Temperature• Humidity• Wind• Precipitation
  11. 11. Building height combinations to control winds(a), (b) and sunshine (c), (d) along roads.
  12. 12. WINDExamples of various wind strategies in building design forcold (a), (b) and hot (c) and (d) climates
  13. 13. 6 ENVIRONMENT FACTORSI. Latitude IV. Hill BarriersII. Altitude V. Ocean CurrentsIII. Land – Liquid VI. Prevailing Winds Relationship
  14. 14. LatitudeI. Latitude – Distance north or south regarding the equator A. Low – hot to B. That is hot center regular C. Tall – Polar (cool to cool)
  15. 15. *Latitude impacts EACH PUT regarding the Earth*
  16. 16. AltitudeII. Altitude – Height above ocean degree A. In hill areas, you can find major climatic distinctions from the base towards the top. B. As atmosphere rises, the ability is lost by it to keep temperature. It gets 1 F colder for every single 300-400 ft. You increase.
  17. 17. Altitude Snow Cap Tree LineSea Level * Altitude impacts if over 5,000 ft*
  18. 18. Land-Water RelationshipIII. Land-Water Relationship A. Body of water has a tendency to produce a moderate or moderate environment. (very change that is little B. A human body of water gets hotter and cools down slower than the usual land mass C. Wind assumes the temp. Associated with the area it passes over and carries that temp. Along with it.
  19. 19. Land-Water Union LANDOCEAN
  20. 20. Hill BarriersIV. Mountain Barriers – Cause various climates on contrary edges of hill. A. Dampness carrying winds must increase to obtain over hills. B. Air cools as it rises, losing power to christian mingle dating site reviews put up water causing rainfall from the windward side C. This departs no dampness when it comes to side that is leeward a wilderness.
  21. 21. Hill Barriers NO RAIN WINDWARD SIDE Less rainfall LEEWARD SIDE Less Rain Rain WIND Cascade Mts 5,000 ft. Dry Spokane, WAOcean Seattle, WA 12 in. Rain each year (80 in. Rain per Year)
  22. 22. Ocean CurrentsV. Ocean Currents – streams of water that move through the ocean. A. They assume the heat regarding the water which they pass over and carry that temperature. B. Wind passing over the current must pass near the land mass to possess a visible impact.
  23. 23. Warm CurrentsLAND OCEANCauses Warm And MoistClimate (RainForest)
  24. 24. Cold Currents OCEANLANDCauses Cool And DryClimate(Desert)
  25. 25. Current WindsVI. Current Winds – Winds that blow frequently components of the planet earth. A. Wind blows because: 1. Air land that is over warm 2. Cooler air moves in from surrounding areas to displace increasing air 3. The cool atmosphere is heated and procedure repeats
  26. 26. Prevailing Winds Minimal Stress Ruthless L H Cool Air DescendsWarm Air RisesWarm Land Mass Cool Land Mass or Liquid
  27. 27. ENVIRONMENT RESPONSIVE DESIGN• Climate responsive design is in line with the means a building kind and framework moderates the environment for human effective and well being. • Climate responsive design in structures takes into consideration climatic parameters which may have direct influence on interior thermal convenience and power usage in buildings: • The air temperature, • The moisture, • The prevailing wind way and speed, • The level of solar radiation together with path that is solar. • Long wave radiation between other structures and also the surrounding environment and sky additionally plays an essential part in building performance.
  28. 28. TASK WEATHER EVALUATION• Every task starts having a careful assessment of exactly exactly what a project’s weather capital provides. • We have to realize the resources designed for us to guard against and make the most of – whether that is solar, wind, heat, rainfall or humidity.
  29. 29. 1. PERFORM A NICHE SITE ANALYSIS• Determine the elements habits, weather, soil kinds, wind speed and direction, warming level times and course associated with sun. Go through the water flows, habitat and geology of this website. Document each with an experienced group of experts to know the effects of creating for the reason that certain spot.
  30. 30. 2. LAYOUT THE BUILDING FROM THE SITE. • Making use of the program that is general via an integrative group process, make use of a basic massing of this building design to find out particularly on location the absolute most optimal location for the building to be situated. Things to consider listed below are use of infrastructure, living at minimum 100 foot free from any watershed, maybe not building inside a floodplain and/or in a habitat with endangered types. Ask: exactly what trees as well as other current geological features should be prevented? How exactly does water movement throughout the website dictate the area for the building?
  31. 31. IT’S EXACTLY ABOUT THE SUN’S RAYS – ORIENT THE BUILDING IN RELATION TO CARDINAL DIRECTIONS. • The target here’s the total amount of sun that warms the space into the cold weather (thus making use of less power to mechanically warm) and reduce steadily the level of sunlight that chefs into the summer time (thus making use of less power to mechanically cool).
  32. 32. Choose the window that is appropriate and glazing kinds based on orientation • Southern dealing with facades should start using a window area appropriate to its orientation and glazing should start using a dual or triple paned cup with a decreased- age layer the actual quantity of temperature transmitted to the area when you look at the hottest months, while maintaining temperature in during the cooler winter season. • for example, a facing that is south screen wall surface will prepare the occupants in during the hot summertime if care just isn’t taken on this facade.
  33. 33. Building envelope design differs significantly by geographical area. • the envelope for the building, facets insulation, vapour obstacles and atmosphere barriers differ radically based on if the project is within the cool, snowy north, the hot and humid south or perhaps the desert that is arid.
  34. 34. Design for natural air flow. • Since heated air rises, a building could be cooled by creating for stack ventilation by drawing cooler atmosphere from spaces low into the building, while carrying heat away through spaces into the room. • The price from which the atmosphere techniques is really a function of this distance that is vertical the inlets and outlets, their size therefore the difference between heat on the height regarding the space.
  35. 35. BIDANI HOUSE FARIDABAD
  36. 36. WEBSITE ADDRESS/ VENUE: FaridabadCLIMATIC ZONE: CompositeBUILDING TYPE: ResidentialARCHITECTS: Dr Arvind Krishan and Kunal JainPROJECT REPUTATION: Completed

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